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    中国(海南)自由贸易试验区发展报告

    摘要

    本报告在回顾海南建省办经济特区30周年的基础上,分析中央对中国(海南)自由贸易试验区的定位及其特征,在全面深化改革开放试验区、国家生态文明试验区、国际旅游消费中心和国家重大战略服务保障区战略定位的基础上,重点分析2018年度加快构建开放型经济新体制中的6个领域52项具体措施,加快服务业创新发展中的4个领域40项措施,加快政府职能转变中的6个领域33项措施,加强重大风险防控体系和机制建设中的4个领域18项措施,以及海南在营商环境改善和高质量经济建设方面取得的成效。针对海南产业发展不够充分、对外开放度偏低以及政府治理体系和治理能力难以适应开放型经济新体制要求等问题,本报告提出了海南自由贸易试验区进一步推进的思路,以高度使命感担负推进经济全球化重任,以高质量产业体系推动自由贸易试验区制度创新,将海南自由贸易试验区建设成为国内开放度最高的自贸试验区,为下一阶段海南建设自由贸易港提供扎实的基础。海南建设自由贸易港既要符合自由贸易港的一般特征和规律,又要根据我国的国情以及海南的实际情况体现中国特色。海南自由贸易试验区和海南自由贸易港要在基础设施建设、重大系统(平台)建设以及相配套的制度体系建设方面同步进行,要加快海南自由贸易港的基本框架和立法等方面的研究。

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    Abstract

    By reviewing 30 years’ experience of the establishment of the Hainan Special Economic Zone,this report analyzes the Central Government’s positioning for the Hainan Pilot Free Trade Zone. With the strategic positioning of the Comprehensive Deepening of Reform and Opening-Up Test Zone,the National Ecological Civilization Pilot Zone,the International Tourist Consumption Center and the National Major Strategic Services Guarantee Zone,it focuses on the 52 specific measures in 6 fields to accelerate the construction of the new open economy system in 2018,40 specific measures in 4 fields to accelerate the innovation and development of the service industry,33 specific measures in 6 fields to accelerate government transformation,18 specific measures in 4 fields to strengthen major risk control systems and mechanisms,as well as accomplishments achieved during business environment improvement and high-quality economic construction in Hainan. In view of Hainan’s insufficient industry development,low degrees of openness to the outside world and difficulties encountered by the government system and governance capacities in adapting to open economy,a reform package for further improvement of the Hainan Pilot Free Trade Zone has been put forward. With the mission to promote economic globalization,a quality industrial system should be established to promote institutional innovation in the Pilot Free Trade Zone so that the Hainan Pilot Free Trade Zone can be built into the most open free trade pilot zone in China,providing a solid foundation for Hainan to build a free trade port during its next phase. The construction of a free trade port in Hainan should not only conform to general characteristics and laws,but also reflect Chinese characteristics according to the current conditions and the actual situation in Hainan. Infrastructure,major system construction and the supporting institutional systems of the Hainan Pilot Free Trade Zone and the Hainan Free Trade Port should be established simultaneously. The construction of the Hainan Pilot Free Trade Zone requires researches on the basic framework of the Hainan Free Trade Port and the promotion of Hainan Free Trade Port legislation.

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    作者简介
    沈玉良:沈玉良,上海社会科学院世界经济研究所国际贸易研究室主任、研究员,中国(海南)自由贸易试验区(自由贸易港)咨询委员会专家,主要研究领域为国际贸易理论与政策。
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