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    2020年中国经济建设与生态建设协调发展评价报告

    • 作者:邹一南 金舒楠出版日期:2021年11月
    • 报告页数:11 页报告大小:1.33MB
    • 报告字数:9471 字所属丛书: 高质量发展蓝皮书
    • 所属图书:中国经济高质量发展报告(2021)
    • 浏览人数:    下载次数:

    摘要

    经济建设与生态建设协调发展是协调发展理念的重要组成部分,也是中国经济协调发展评价指标体系下的一个二级指标。本报告将能源消耗、碳排放、城市绿化、垃圾处理作为衡量各地区经济建设与生态建设协调协调发展水平的三级指标,在此基础上构建了经济建设与生态建设协调指数。经测算,2020年经济建设与生态建设协调指数达到10.51分,相对于2001年的6.54分,提高了将近4.0分,增幅为60.7%。同时,本报告还分别对各地区的经济建设与生态建设协调指数及其4个分指数进行了分析和比较。总体而言,经济建设与生态建设协调指数及其各分指数的排名与各地区的经济发展水平在全国的排名呈正相关关系。未来要推动经济建设与生态建设协调发展,各地区应根据自身发展阶段,制定符合自身实际的绿色发展战略,并加强在推进经济建设与生态建设协调发展上的协同性。 <<
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    Abstract

    With the further development of the economy,China is facing a severe situation of tightening resource constraints,serious environmental pollution,and degradation of the ecosystem. How to improve the current ecological environment and how to achieve the coordinated development of future economic construction and ecological construction has become an important issue the party and the country face. The coordinated development of economic construction and ecological construction is an important part of the concept of coordinated development and it is also a secondary indicator under the comprehensive evaluation index system of Chinese coordinated economic development. For in-depth analysis,this report also includes energy consumption per unit of GDP,carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP,urban green area per capita and the harmless treatment rate of urban garbage and domestic garbage as the three levels to measure the coordinated development of economic and ecological construction in various regions. On this basis,an evaluation index system for the coordinated development of economic construction and ecological construction has been constructed. It is estimated that the coordination index of economic construction and ecological construction in 2020 will reach 10.51,which is an increase of nearly 4 points compared with 6.54 in 2001,an increase of 60.7%. At the same time,this report also analyzes and compares the coordination index of economic construction and ecological construction in each region and its four three-level indicators. In general,the economic construction and ecological construction coordination index and the ranking order of the three-level indicators are positively correlated with the ranking of the economic development level of each region in the country. In the future,promoting the coordinated development of economic construction and ecological construction,each region should formulate a green development strategy that suits its own actual conditions according to its own development stage,and strengthen the coordination of various regions in promoting the coordinated development of economic construction and ecological construction.

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    作者简介
    邹一南:邹一南,经济学博士,中共中央党校(国家行政学院)经济学教研部副教授,主要研究方向为发展经济学。
    金舒楠:金舒楠,中共中央党校(国家行政学院)经济学教研部在读硕士研究生,主要研究方向为发展经济学。
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