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    2012~2020年中国国有经济发展总体状况

    • 作者:高文书出版日期:2021年12月
    • 报告页数:20 页报告大小:2.01MB
    • 报告字数:12206 字所属丛书: 国有经济蓝皮书
    • 所属图书:中国国有经济报告(2021)
    • 浏览人数:    下载次数:

    摘要

    党的十八大以来,我国国有企业数量不断增加,职工人数稳中有降,国有企业资产规模持续提升,净资产总额不断扩大,营业总收入波动中攀升。国有企业利润总额总体上呈现增长态势,营业收入利润率稳中有升,应缴税费平稳增长,资产负债率不断下降,国有经济运行质量明显改善。从行业和产业分布来看,国有企业资产主要分布于工业、社会服务业、交通运输仓储业以及房地产业;在工业内部,主要集中在重工业;在三大产业内部,主要集中在第三产业即服务业。国有经济中工业的占比明显下降,服务业占比不断提高。从地区分布看,我国国有企业资产主要集中在发达省份和地区,中西部地区尤其是东北地区占比较小。东部地区国有资产占比呈下降趋势,中部地区和西部地区占比呈上升趋势,东北地区占比有所波动但幅度很小。国有企业和国有资本不断做强做优做大,国有经济竞争力显著增强。 <<
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    Abstract

    Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China,the number of China’s state-owned enterprises has been increasing,while that of employees in state-owned enterprises has remained stable with a slight decline. Besides,the total assets of state-owned enterprises have been growing,with net assets expanding and operating income rising in fluctuations. The total profits of state-owned enterprises as a whole shows a trend of continuous growth,while the profit margin of operating income remained stable with a slight rising. Meanwhile,the tax payable of China’s state-owned enterprises grows steadily,opposite to a downward trend of the asset-liability ratio. Overall,the operation quality of China’s state-owned economy has been significantly improved. In terms of industrial distribution,the assets of state-owned enterprises mainly concentrate on industry,social service,transportation,logistics,and real estate. Heavy industry holds a major proportion of all state-owned assets in industry sector. And the assets are mostly concentrated on the service industry among the three major industries. The proportion of industry in the state-owned economy drops significantly,while that of service industry increases continuously. In terms of regional distribution,the assets of state-owned enterprises in China are mainly in the developed provinces and regions,with a relatively low proportion in central and western China,especially in northeast China. However,the proportions of state-owned assets in eastern China is decreasing,with that in central and western China increasing. Meanwhile,the proportion in northeast China shows a mild fluctuation. With state-owned enterprises and capital increasingly stronger,better,and bigger,China’s state-owned economy has been significantly strengthened in competitiveness.

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    作者简介
    高文书:高文书,中国社会科学院大学经济学院常务副院长,教授,博士生导师,主要研究领域为人力资源、就业与经济发展。
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