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    2017年中国农业农村发展态势及政策建议

    摘要

    随着农业供给侧结构性改革的深入推进,2017年中国农业农村经济呈现良好发展态势。第一产业增加值增速回升,对经济增长贡献率提高。农业投资结构不断优化,民间投资主导地位强化。粮食生产再获大丰收,并且实现了小幅增产,种植结构优化更加突出。农村脱贫攻坚战取得显著成果,全国农村贫困人口和贫困发生率持续下降,城乡收入差距继续缩小,农村居民人均消费支出保持平稳增长。农产品价格走势以平稳或下跌为主,农产品市场运行总体平稳。总体上看,中国当前农业农村发展势头较好,但是阻碍农业高质量发展的各种矛盾尚存。粮食安全仍面临挑战,供需结构性矛盾还很突出,农业资源环境问题严峻,农产品国际竞争力较弱,城乡发展不平衡问题严峻。为此,政府要把握粮食安全新的阶段性特征,解决影响粮食安全的深层次矛盾,加快推进农业绿色发展和农村人居环境整治,加快推进质量兴农,加快培育农业农村发展新动能,为农民增收注入更多活力。

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    Abstract

    With the further advancement of structural reforms on the supply side of agriculture,China’s agricultural and rural economy has shown a good momentum of development in 2017. The growth rate of the value-added of the primary industry has increased and contributed more to economic growth. The investment structure of agriculture has been continuously optimized,and the dominant position of private investment has been strengthened. The grain production has gained a large harvest with a small increase,and the optimization of planting structure has become more prominent. Remarkable results have been achieved in the rural poverty alleviation,and the incidence of poverty and poverty in rural areas has been decreasing continuously. The income gap between urban and rural areas has continued to shrink,and the per capita consumption expenditure of rural residents has maintained a steady growth. The trend of agricultural product prices was mainly stable or declining,and the agricultural product market was generally stable. Overall,China’s current agricultural and rural development tendency is better,but the various conflicts that hinder the high-quality development of agriculture still exist. Food security is still facing challenges. The structural contradiction between supply and demand is still very prominent. The agricultural resources and environmental issues are severe,and the international competitiveness of agricultural products is weak. The imbalance between urban and rural development is severe. Therefore,the government should grasp the characteristics of food security in new phase,address the deep-seated conflicts that affect food security,accelerate the green development of agriculture and the improvement of rural human living environment,accelerate the promotion of quality agriculture,speed up the cultivation of new dynamic in the agricultural and rural development to increase income for farmers.

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    作者简介
    魏后凯:魏后凯,中国社会科学院农村发展研究所所长,研究员,博士生导师。
    张丽娟:张丽娟,中国社会科学院农村发展研究所助理研究员。
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