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    中国节能环保产业发展思考

    摘要

    节能环保产业作为中国七大战略性新兴产业之一,成为推动经济发展的重要新动能。中国节能环保产业发展的现状和问题是:产业规模扩张明显,市场竞争力弱;市场化进程加速,市场秩序有待完善;多元化投融资格局基本形成,资金短缺仍是重要瓶颈;技术水平大幅提升,原始创新能力和动力不足。从发展趋势来看,中国节能环保产业仍将呈高增长态势,产业结构将向装备制造和服务业并重升级,业内整合并购和跨界整合引发产业格局变迁,产业“走出去”步伐加速。建议加强市场监管,营造公平竞争的市场环境;优化政府资金的引导作用,完善PPP、绿色金融等市场化机制;加强技术创新驱动,提速节能环保技术评估和成果转化;做大做强企业和产业集聚区,促进产业规模化和集约化发展;加快出台产业“走出去”战略的配套措施,拓展国际市场。

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    Abstract

    As one of the seven strategic emerging industries in China,energy-saving and environmental protection industry has become an important new momentum to promote economic development. The current situation and problems of China’s energy-saving and environmental protection industry development are as follows: obvious expansion of industry scale and weak market competitiveness;acceleration of market-oriented process and imperfection of market order;basic formation of diversified investment and financing pattern,capital shortage is still an important bottleneck;dramatic improvement of technology level,inadequate original innovation ability and motivation. From the perspective of development trend,China’s energy-saving and environmental protection industry will continue to show a high growth trend. Industrial structure will be upgraded to both equipment manufacturing and service industries. Industry integration,mergers and acquisitions and cross-border integration will lead to changes in industrial structure,and the pace of “going out” will accelerate. It is suggested to strengthen market supervision and create a fair competitive market environment;optimize the guiding role of government funds,improve market-oriented mechanisms such as PPP and green finance;strengthen technological innovation drive,speed up energy-saving and environmental protection technology assessment and results transformation;expand and strengthen enterprises and industrial agglomeration areas,and promote industrial scale and intensive development. We should speed up the introduction of supporting measures for the industry’s “going global” strategy and expand the international market.

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    作者简介
    冯慧娟:冯慧娟,博士,教授级高工,主要研究方向为环境经济管理、产业经济。
    裴莹莹:裴莹莹,硕士,高级工程师,主要研究方向为环境管理、节能环保产业。
    薛婕:薛婕,博士,高级工程师,主要研究方向为环境经济管理、产业经济。
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