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    “十三五”产业竞争力变化情况和“十四五”展望

    摘要

    “十三五”期间,我国产业竞争力整体稳中有升,结构持续优化。同时,我国产业发展的外部环境开始发生深刻变化,受贸易保护主义兴起、发展中国家间竞争加剧等影响,我国产业发展在“十四五”时期总体上挑战大于机遇。产业配套、综合成本、数据要素和科技研发将构成新的产业竞争力。“十四五”时期也是我国跨越中等收入陷阱的关键时期,要在基本实现工业化后保持经济增长动力,实现由产业大国向产业强国转型升级,作为重要支撑的产业发展的重点也必须有所调整。

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    Abstract

    During the “13th Five-Year Plan” period,China’s industrial competitiveness has been steadily improved,the external environment of China’s industrial development began to undergo profound changes,affected by the rise of trade protectionism,increased competition among developing countries,and other factors,China’s industrial development in the “14th Five-Year Plan” period,the overall challenge swells than opportunities. With the development stage,the basic conditions and the change of the environment,China’s traditional industrial scale advantages began to upgrade to the industrial supporting advantages,the traditional factor cost advantage began to upgrade to the comprehensive cost advantage,at the same time,data creation and application,domestic market demand expansion and upgrading,scientific and technological research and development and transformation and other new strategic advantages continue to strengthen,together constitute the “14th Five-Year Plan” period of China’s industrial competitiveness of the comprehensive advantages. The “14th Five-Year Plan” period is also a key period for China to cross the middle-income trap,in order to maintain the economic growth momentum after the basic realization of industrialization,to achieve the transformation and upgrading from the industrial power to the industrial power,as an important support of the focus of industrial development must also be adjusted.

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    作者简介
    邓洲:邓洲,中国社会科学院工业经济研究所副研究员,主要研究领域为产业经济、技术创新。
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