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    2020年中国社会保障事业发展报告

    • 作者:惠大帅 吕学静出版日期:2020年12月
    • 报告页数:18 页报告大小:1.65MB
    • 报告字数:15608 字所属丛书:社会蓝皮书
    • 所属图书:2021年中国社会形势分析与预测
    • 浏览人数:    下载次数:

    摘要

    新中国成立70年来,国家在大力发展经济的同时不断改善民生,让改革的红利惠及广大民众。中国的社会保障事业也取得了令人肯定的成绩,2020年初突如其来的新冠肺炎疫情,客观上给中国社会保障事业带来了不小的挑战。为应对疫情的冲击,国家采取了一系列措施,如在医疗保险方面减免患者医疗费用,在失业保险方面减免了企业社保缴费以帮助企业过冬等。虽然社会保险在应对疫情中起到了巨大作用,但也暴露出一些问题,如社保基金过度依赖财政支持、统筹层次低、区域间运行衔接不畅等。2021年是“十四五”规划的开局之年,将对中国民生与社保事业提出新的布局和要求,有效落实十九届五中全会精神也将是未来社会保障工作的重要发展方向。

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    Abstract

    Over the past 70 years since the founding of new China,China has made great efforts to develop its economy and constantly improve people’s livelihood,so that the outcome of reform can benefit the general public. China’s social security system has also made great progress. The outbreak of Covid-19 in early 2020 has brought great challenges to China’s social security system. In order to cope with the impact of Covid-19,China has taken a series of measures,such as reducing the medical expenses of patients from medical insurance,reducing the social security payment of enterprises in terms of unemployment insurance,and helping enterprises to survive the winter. Although social insurance has played an important role in dealing with the current situation,some problems have also been exposed,such as the excessive dependence of social security fund on financial support,the low level of overall planning,and the poor connection between regions. 2021 is the first year of the 14th Five Year Plan. At that time,new layout and requirements will be put forward for China’s social security system. Effective implementation of the spirit of the Fifth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee will also be an important development direction of social security in the future.

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    作者简介
    惠大帅:惠大帅,首都经济贸易大学劳动经济学院讲师。
    吕学静:吕学静,首都经济贸易大学劳动经济学院教授。
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