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    碎片化向系统化的过渡:2018年中国个人信息安全保护发展报告

    摘要

    2018年以来,我国个人信息安全的风险呈加剧态势,表现在大规模的个人信息泄露和算法歧视的显现,个人信息安全的立法工作正从碎片化向系统化过渡。2018年我国相继颁布了三部关于个人信息保护的法规和标准,对个人及企业的信息安全及治理提供具体指南。我国《个人信息保护法》也在2019年进入立法规划,针对数据安全、网络安全审查和App违法违规行为认定等方面相继推出新规,对公民极为关切的个人数据信息被非法收集、使用等法律问题做出回应。因当前个人信息权受侵害案例增多,个人信息保护中存在的概念争议、取证举证难等问题也开始凸显,公益诉讼或集体诉讼等司法救济措施也在进一步探索中。比照欧盟及美国的个人信息及个人隐私保护的新法案,印度及巴西的相关立法也给予我国极大启示。

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    Abstract

    Since 2018,the risk of personal information security in China is intensifying,manifested in large-scale personal information disclosure and algorithmic discrimination. The legislative work of personal information security is moving from fragmentation to systemization. In 2018,three regulations and standards on personal information protection were issued,providing specific guidance on information security and governance for individuals and businesses. China’s “Personal Information Protection Law” also entered the legislative plan in 2019,and introduced new regulations in the areas of data security,cyber security review,and App violations,and illegally collected and used personal data information that is of great concern to citizens. The question is answered. Due to the increase in the number of cases of infringement of personal information rights,the problems of concept disputes and difficulties in obtaining evidence and evidence in personal information protection have also begun to emerge. Judicial remedies such as public interest litigation or class actions are also being further explored. In contrast to the new legislation on personal information and personal privacy protection in the European Union and the United States,relevant legislation in India and Brazil has also given China great inspiration.

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    作者简介
    陈科:陈科,博士,讲师,华中师范大学新闻传播学院。
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