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谢伏瞻
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    2020年上海中学生互联网运用现状

    摘要

    本文基于实证调查,在分析上海中学生互联网运用的基本状况和行为特征过程中发现:中学生触网年龄呈低龄化;在线学习成为使用网络最重要的目的,网课学习以应试为主;网络社交维系现实交往,为展示自我提供平台;网络参与渐成社会化途径之一;微信成为亲子沟通重要方式;网络素养情况总体良好;网络安全隐患纷繁复杂。为解决上海中学生在用网的时间控制、信息判断、快餐化阅读、亲子关系、网络安全等方面面临的问题和挑战,上海在智慧城市建设过程中应充分考虑青少年的作用与需求,团队组织和教育部门要积极发挥主导作用,为青少年营造安全健康积极的互联网环境。

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    Abstract

    Based on an empirical investigation,this paper has several findings by analyzing the basic conditions and behavioral characteristics of internet use among middle school students in Shanghai. The age at which middle school students first access the internet is lowering. Online learning has become the most important purpose for using the internet,and it is mainly for exams. Online social networking is used for maintaining offline relationships and provides a platform for self-expression. Internet participation is becoming one of many socialization channels. WeChat has become an important means of parent-child communication. Internet literacy is generally good. Internet security risks are many and complex. In order to solve the problems and challenges faced by middle school students in Shanghai in terms of time control,information loss,fast-food reading,parent-child relationship and online safety,Shanghai should fully consider the role and needs of young people in the construction of smart cities,and organizations and education departments should actively play a leading role to create a safe,healthy and positive internet environment for young people.

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    作者简介
    林频:林频,上海市青少年研究中心助理研究员,主要研究方向为媒体传播与儿童。
    华莉莉:华莉莉,上海市青少年研究中心主任、副教授,主要研究方向为青少年发展与教育、共青团工作。
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