您好,欢迎来到皮书数据库! 登录|注册
您现在所在的位置:首页  > 中国区域发展数据库
更多>> 课题组动态
更多>> 专题子库
2021全国两会重点推荐
    2021年全国两会拉开序幕,皮书数据库精选两会热点议题,聚合智... 详情>>
更多>> 皮书作者
谢伏瞻
    中国社会科学院院长、党组书记,学部委员,学部主席团主席,研究员,博士生导师。历任国务院发展研究中心副主任、国家统... 详情>>
蔡 昉
    1956年9月生于北京。现任中国社会科学院副院长、党组成员,曾任中国社会科学院人口与劳动经济研究所所长,博士生导师,研... 详情>>
李培林
    男,山东济南人。博士,研究员,中国社会科学院副院长,中国社会学会副会长,中国社会科学院社会学研究所副所长。《社会... 详情>>

    2003 ~2017年技术进步偏向、要素配置扭曲与长江经济带工业发展质量研究报告

    摘要

    本报告基于2003~2017年全国30省市的面板数据,采用似不相关回归、偏最小二乘回归和熵权法分别测度技术进步偏向、要素相对配置扭曲和工业高质量发展,运用FGLS回归实证检验了技术进步偏向对长江经济带工业发展质量的影响和要素相对配置扭曲在这一过程中的调节作用。结果显示:内生性技术进步偏向通过降低非研发型劳动配置比率加快劳动密集型产业向资本密集型产业和技术密集型产业更替,推动工业发展质量提升,这一效应在长江经济带下游地区较为突出。溢出性技术进步偏向和外源性技术进步偏向通过降低资本的配置比率对工业发展质量产生了“双刃剑”效应:增加具有效率优势的研发型劳动投入缓解了机会效率损失,但也会因资本相对非研发型劳动配置过剩而加剧资本密集型产业向劳动密集型产业退化,陷入依赖外部技术导致的低端锁定陷阱,阻碍工业发展质量提升,这一效果在中上游地区较为突出。推动长江经济带工业高质量发展,必须因地制宜制定适宜的技术进步策略,加快淘汰工业低端落后产能、优化资本配置效率,提高工业绿色技术创新能力和绿色技术效益。

    <<
    >>

    Abstract

    Based on the panel data of 30 provinces across the country from 2003 to 2017,this report uses seemingly uncorrelated regression,partial least square regression and entropy weight method to measure technological progress bias,relative factor allocation distortion and industrial high-quality development,and uses FGLS regression to test empirically. The influence of technological progress bias on the quality of industrial development in the Yangtze River Economic Belt and the adjustment effect of the relative configuration distortion of factors in this process. The results show that endogenous technological progress accelerates the replacement of labor-intensive industries to capital-intensive industries and technology-intensive industries by reducing the ratio of non-R&D labor allocation,and promotes the improvement of the quality of industrial development. This effect is more prominent in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River Economic Belt. Spillover technological progress and exogenous technological progress have produced a “double-edged sword” effect on the quality of industrial development by reducing the allocation ratio of capital:increasing R&D labor input with efficiency advantages eases the loss of opportunity efficiency,but it will also be due to capital relative The overallocation of non-R&D labor has aggravated the degradation of capital-intensive industries into labor-intensive industries,and has fallen into a low-end lock-in trap caused by dependence on external technologies,hindering the improvement of the quality of industrial development. This effect is more prominent in the upper and middle reaches. To promote the high-quality industrial development of the Yangtze River Economic Zone,it is necessary to formulate appropriate technological advancement strategies based on local conditions,accelerate the elimination of low-end industrial production capacity,optimize the efficiency of capital allocation,and improve industrial green technological innovation capabilities and green technological benefits.

    <<
    >>
    作者简介
    杜宇:杜宇,安徽大学经济学院讲师,博士,从事区域经济学研究。
    吴传清:吴传清,武汉大学经济与管理学院、中国发展战略与规划研究院教授,博士生导师,从事区域经济学、产业经济学研究。
    李娜娜:李娜娜,安徽建筑大学经济与管理学院讲师,博士,从事产业经济学研究。
    <<
    >>
    相关报告