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    粤港澳大湾区要素流动空间特征及国际对接路径研究

    摘要

    粤港澳大湾区是中国对外开放的最前沿,承担着国家构建开放型经济体系及“一带一路”倡议对接沿线国家的重要作用,但其要素流动面临着三种关税区及多种制度融合的障碍。本文首先基于大数据理念,构建“百度指数”分析粤港澳大湾区11个城市之间的联系强度,以体现各城市之间要素流动空间特征,发现粤港澳大湾区要素流动具有明显的地理邻近性。其次,从联系紧密度看,大湾区形成了内外两大圈层;香港对整个大湾区具有枢纽作用、“香港—深圳”和“广州—佛山”是要素汇聚的两大极核;形成了“港深—广佛”走廊,但大湾区整体呈现东重西轻格局;大湾区西岸地区还需进一步通过集聚发展,发挥对粤西地区的带动作用。最后,本文结合大湾区发展阶段判断和要素流动的可能趋势,提出了粤港澳大湾区要建立“市场共同体”等,以实现要素与国际对接。

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    Abstract

    The bay area of Guangdong,Hong Kong and Macao is the forefront of China’s opening up to the outside world. It is important for the country to build an open economic system and “One Belt And One Road”. But the element flow faces the obstacle of three kinds of tariff area and many kinds of system amalgamation. This paper is based on big data ideas,then builds the “baidu index” to judge the connection strength between 11 cities in Guangdong,Hong Kong and Macao to the spatial characteristics of elements between cities. It is found that there is obvious geographical proximity of the factor flow strength in the bay area of Guangdong,Hong Kong and Macao. From the close degree of contact,it forms inside and outside two large circle. Hong Kong has a pivotal role in the whole bay area. “Hong Kong-Shenzhen” and “Guangzhou-Foshan” are the two core cores of the elements. And it forms the “Xianggang Shenzhen-Guangzhou Foshan” corridor,but the whole bay area presents the east heavy west light pattern. The west coast area of the bay area needs to be further developed in cluster to play a role in promoting the western region. Finally,combining with the trend of the development stage of bay area and the possible trend of factor flow,this paper puts forward the way of establishing “market community” in the bay area of Guangdong,Hong Kong and Macao,so as to realize the international connection of elements.

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    作者简介
    陈世栋:陈世栋,博士,广东省社会科学院产业经济研究所副研究员,研究方向为城市与区域发展、城镇化与制度创新。
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