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    打造乡村振兴的齐鲁样板——2018~2019年山东省乡村振兴形势分析与预测

    摘要

    2018年是实施乡村振兴战略的开局之年。山东省率先行动,科学设计,编制出台了“1+1+5+N”的乡村振兴政策规划体系,搭建起乡村振兴齐鲁样板的“四梁八柱”。聚合资源,全面发力,启动“十百千”示范创建工程,探索乡村振兴齐鲁样板的新模式、新经验。创新涉农资金管理机制,省级涉农资金统筹整合分配到县。培育壮大农业“新六产”,农村新产业、新业态呈快速发展之势。大力培育新型农业经营主体,农村集体产权制度改革整省试点激活要素资源。全面启动农村人居环境三年整治行动,高质量绘就“齐鲁乡村风情画”。开启土地利用制度改革,全面盘活农村闲散土地。聚焦培养好、引进来、沉得下、留得住,以务实管用的人才政策推动乡村人才振兴。以基层党组织建设带动乡村治理,铸魂塑形乡村文明,促使支持乡村振兴的力量进一步凝聚。山东省农业、农村、农民发展存在农业现代化的短板、农民增收的短项、农村基础设施和公共服务的短板、城乡融合发展的制度供给短缺的短板、乡村振兴中农民主体性作用发挥的短板,需要在2019年的乡村振兴战略实施中加以重点解决。2018年齐鲁大地乡村振兴的美好蓝图已经绘好,2019年应以城乡融合和制度创新为核心,推动乡村振兴规划进一步落地实施。

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    Abstract

    2018 is the beginning of implementation of the rural revitalization strategy. Shandong province has formulated and issued the “1+1+5+N” rural revitalization policy planning system,which has been the framework for Qilu model of rural revitalization. Shandong has launched the “ten hundred thousand” demonstration project for exploring new models and experiences of Qilu rural areas,innovated the mechanism for managing agriculture-related funds which been allocate the county level in an integrated way,cultivated the “New Six Yields in Agriculture” and new type of agricultural businesses,and reformed the rural collective property rights system in a provincial-level pilot project to activate key resources. A three-year campaign to improve rural human settlements has been launched,and land use system reform been carried out to activate scattered plots of unutilized land in rural areas. Focus on rural talents’ training,importing,setting down and retaining to promote the revitalization of rural talent,Promoting rural governance through the construction of grass-roots Party organizations,shaping the soul and patterns of rural civilization,the overall force of rural revitalization further cohesion. The shortcomings of agricultural modernization,farmers’ income increase,rural infrastructure and public service,main body function of farmers rural revitalization,and the shortage of system supply of urban-rural integrated development need to be addressed in the implementation of the rural revitalization strategy in 2019. A blueprint has been drawn for rural revitalization in Shandong in 2018. In 2019,the plan will and should be further implemented through institutional reform and innovation.

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    作者简介
    侯小伏:侯小伏,山东社会科学院省情与社会发展研究院院长、研究员,主要研究方向为农村社会学、发展社会学。
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