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    2019~2020年国家公共文化政策研究实验基地观察报告

    摘要

    公共文化政策研究实验基地的观察表明,2018年以来,在构建现代公共文化服务体系的战略目标导向下,公共文化领域积极适应机构改革趋势,大力推进重点文化工程和项目建设。在国家文化政策的推动下,博物馆、图书馆、文化馆和乡镇综合文化站等公共文化机构的服务效能得到提升,文化服务惠及人数稳步增长。但同时我们也观察到,实验基地文化机构在落实新时期文化体制改革目标任务的过程中仍然存在较大差距;同时,部分公共文化机构存在投入绩效递减、专业人才流失以及绩效评价激励机制不全等问题。建议要顺应国家文化和旅游融合发展大势,探索文旅融合发展的政策路径,以形成新的改革发展机会;建立完善公共文化服务绩效考评体系,形成优化财政投入结构、提升文化单位绩效的动力;着力加强基层公共文化机构的数字化建设,发挥数字信息平台的全覆盖功能,缩小城乡和东西部公共文化服务差异,提高公共文化服务的标准化均等化水平。

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    Abstract

    Since 2018,Public cultural policy research experiment base of observation show that when building a modern system of public cultural services,under the strategic direction of the public culture actively adapt to the trend of institutional reform,constantly optimize the system and mechanism,promote the building of key cultural projects and projects,public cultural service ability and service level improved steadily. Thanks to the national cultural policy,most public cultural institutions,such as museums,libraries and cultural centers,have significantly improved their service performance,and cultural services have benefited the population. At the same time,it is also observed that the cultural institutions in the experimental base are faced with new tasks and challenges of mechanism reform in the new period,as well as the new trend of integrated development of culture and tourism. At the same time,some public cultural institutions have some problems,such as the slight decline in input-output performance,the loss of professional talents,the way of financial security and the performance evaluation system to be improved.

    Suggestions:Adapt to the reform situation of national cultural and tourism departments,and explore the path of cultural and tourism integrated development. To establish and improve the performance evaluation system for public cultural services and force the optimization of the structure of fiscal input. To narrow the development gap and improve the standardization and equalization of public cultural services;We will focus on digitizing public cultural institutions at the community level.

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    作者简介
    傅才武:傅才武,武汉大学国家文化发展研究院院长、教授。
    王冬:王冬,财政部科教和文化司处长。
    魏冀:魏冀,文化和旅游部财务司预算管理处处长。
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