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蔡 昉
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    2017年加拿大外交形势

    摘要

    在贾斯汀·特鲁多任期的第二年中,加拿大的对美外交、国际外交和双边外交都充分体现了中等国家的主观能动性,但同时也暴露了中等国家的尴尬处境和容易出现的进退失据的问题。积极践行国际化和多边化依然是小特鲁多外交的主要基调,而且这一年来加拿大不断通过参与国际热点问题“刷存在感”。这一方面是为了提升加拿大的国际形象和话语权,争取重返联合国安理会非常任理事国的位置;另一方面,也是受到美国的影响和带动,尤其是在一些与中国交往的重要议程上出现不少问题。加拿大与最大的两个贸易伙伴在至关重要的贸易谈判上困难重重;总理出访频频空手而归,表现不尽如人意;国民对于国家的国际形象满意度下降。同时,受到各种因素的干扰,中加关系也呈现高开低走的态势,加拿大缺乏稳定的整体对华政策也是一个软肋。两国未来亟须发展更加务实的合作。

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    Abstract

    During Justin Trudeau’s second year in office,Canada made full play of its strengths as a traditional middle power in foreign policies to manage its relationship with the United States,engage in international diplomacy and build bilateral ties with countries and regions around the world. However,like many other middle powers,it also suffered from certain embarrassing dilemmas in its foreign relations. Internationalization and multilateralism remains the main theme of Justin Trudeau’s foreign policy,and Canadian participation in issues of international concern was increased. On one hand,such participation helped to enhance Canada’s international image and discourse power,and thus improving its chance of reclaiming its status as a member of the Security Council. On the other hand,Canada’s policies were still heavily influenced by the United States,especially when it comes to issues regarding China. Canada experienced difficulties in its free trade negotiations with its two most important trading partners. As the Prime Minister’s diplomatic visits failed to produce results,the Canadian public began to feel less satisfied with their country’s international image. Meanwhile,due to various factors,China-Canada relations came off early highs. The lack of a consistent policy towards China proved to be one of the disadvantages of Canada’s current foreign policy,and the future development of China-Canada relationship calls for more concrete cooperation between the two countries.

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    作者简介
    刘丹:刘丹,博士,澳门大学社会科学学院政府与公共行政系,研究方向为加拿大政治与外交。
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