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蔡 昉
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    2018年的俄罗斯与乌克兰关系:分裂与动荡

    • 作者:张弘出版日期:2019年05月
    • 报告页数:16 页报告大小:1.27MB
    • 报告字数:15602 字所属丛书:俄罗斯黄皮书
    • 所属图书:俄罗斯发展报告(2019)
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    摘要

    2018年的俄罗斯与乌克兰关系具有以下四个特点:外交关系停摆,贸易继续复苏,安全关系紧张,宗教正式分手。外交上,2018年的两国外交关系继续恶化,基本上陷入“停摆”。乌克兰先是通过顿巴斯一体化法案,把俄罗斯视为“侵略国”,还退出了与俄罗斯的友好、合作和伙伴关系条约。俄罗斯则宣布对乌克兰政治家和企业进行制裁,放弃与波罗申科进行对话。经济上,2018年两国贸易额继续恢复,但乌克兰政府宣布退出独联体组织,终止两国的特殊经济伙伴关系。安全上,双方的边境军事对峙有所加强,并在刻赤海峡发生军事摩擦,乌克兰因此在与俄毗邻的边境地区宣布进入30天军事状态。文化上,乌克兰东正教会宣布独立,造成两国在文化上的大分裂,引发莫斯科东正教区与君士坦丁堡教区的世纪大分裂。

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    Abstract

    In 2018, the relations between Russia and Ukraine had the following four characteristics:the diplomatic relations were suspended, the trade continued to recover, the security relations were tense, and the religion was officially separated. Diplomatically, the relations between the two countries continued to deteriorate in 2018, and basically fell into a standstill. Ukraine regarded Russia as an “aggressive country” through the Donbass Integration Act and then withdrew from the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Partnership between Ukraine and the Russian Federation. Russia announced sanctions against Ukrainian politicians and businesses, and abandoned dialogue with Poroshenko. Economically, the trade between the two countries continued to recover in 2018, but the Ukrainian government announced its withdrawal from the CIS and terminated the special economic partnership with Russia. In the security area, the military confrontation between the two sides was strengthened, and a military friction occurred in the Kerch Strait which caused Ukraine to declared a 30-day military status in the border area with Russia. Culturally, the Ukrainian Orthodox Church gained independence, causing a major cultural division between the two countries, triggering the dramatic division between the Moscow Parish and the Pope of Constantinople.

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    作者简介
    张弘:张弘,博士,中国社会科学院俄罗斯东欧中亚研究所乌克兰研究室研究员。
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