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    2019年度意大利形势分析

    摘要

    对于意大利和中意关系而言,2019年是不同寻常的一年。一场突如其来的政府危机导致刚刚上台一年多的“民粹政府”仓促谢幕,由五星运动和民主党火速组建的新联合政府上台,即所谓“黄红政府”取代“黄绿政府”。此番政府危机与政府更迭的过程不仅体现出当前意大利政党政治的复杂性,也为我们观察和思考欧洲民粹政党的发展趋势提供了新的“素材”与视角。政府更迭并不意味着意大利国内的一系列难题会迎刃而解,经济再度接近零增长、公共债务仍居高不下、社会形势依旧严峻令新政府面临着艰难的执政考验。新政府上任后,意大利与欧盟关系正在重回“正常”轨道,同时也试图推动欧盟在公共财政和应对难民问题等重要的政策领域做出调整。意大利上届“黄绿政府”与本届“黄红政府”都将促进中意关系发展和推动中意合作视为对外政策的重要方向,而习近平主席成功访问意大利、中意签署共同推进“一带一路”建设的谅解备忘录则标志着两国关系发展迈上了新台阶,两国合作也随之步入全方位、高质量发展的新阶段。

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    Abstract

    2019 is an unusual year for Italy and China-Italy relations. Italy experienced a government crisis that attracted much attention. Afterwards,the “populist government” formed by the Five Star Movement and the League party ended in haste and a new coalition government formed by the Five Star Movement and the Democratic Party came into power,i.e. “yellow-red government” replaced “yellow-green government”. The process of government crisis and government change once again reflected the complexity of current Italian politics,and also provided us with new “materials” and perspectives for observing and thinking about the development trends of populist parties in Europe. The government change does not mean that a series of problems in Italy will be solved easily,the economic growth is approaching zero again,the public debt level is still very high,the social situation remains severe,and all of these are still difficulties faced by the new government. Since the new government took office,Italy’s relations with the EU have been returning to the “normal” track and meanwhile Italy is trying to push the EU to make adjustments in some important policy areas such as public finance discipline and immigration policy. Both Italy’s last “yellow-green government” and current “yellow-red government” attached much importance to promoting China-Italy relations and cooperation. President Xi Jinping’s successful visit to Italy in 2019 and the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding to jointly advance the “Belt and Road” construction between China and Italy marked that the bilateral relations have upgraded to a new level and the cooperation between the two countries has entered a new stage of comprehensive and high-quality development.

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    作者简介
    孙彦红:孙彦红,经济学博士,中国社会科学院欧洲研究所副研究员、科技政策研究室副主任,中国欧洲学会意大利研究分会秘书长,主要研究领域为欧洲经济、意大利研究、中欧/中意经济关系。
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