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    2019~2020年澳大利亚发展与展望

    • 作者:韩锋出版日期:2021年03月
    • 报告页数:15 页报告大小:1.13MB
    • 报告字数:15592 字所属丛书:澳大利亚蓝皮书
    • 所属图书:澳大利亚发展报告(2019~2020)
    • 浏览人数:    下载次数:

    摘要

    2019~2020年,澳大利亚国内政治相对稳定。虽然执政联盟在联邦选举中获胜并未根本改变其弱势政府的地位,但提升了政府和执政联盟的信心和威望。经济方面,特大山火等自然灾害和新冠肺炎疫情给澳大利亚带来了新的冲击,在此背景下澳大利亚经济出现衰退,政府虽实施了以保障就业为核心的政策,但尚未显现明显效果。外交方面,面对国际局势的变化,澳大利亚选择继续倡导和维护西方价值观、全球和地区体系以及澳美同盟:澳大利亚加强与美国的同盟关系,这在年度“2+2”对话中得以充分体现;此外,澳还升级了与印度的双边关系;中澳关系不仅没有改善,反而进一步恶化,这既与国际形势的变化有关,也是澳政治、战略调整的结果。面对2022年下一次联邦选举,2021年将是澳执政联盟备选的节点,澳国内政治和对外关系预计将会随之有所调整。

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    Abstract

    Australian domestic politics was relatively stable during 2019-2020. Victory in the Federal Election in May 2019 didn’t fundamentally change the weak position of the government,but it did improve the confidence and prestige of the Liberal party and the coalition government. Readjustments had been made in the key parties. But natural disasters and the Coronavirus(COVID-19)pandemic have attacked the world and Australia with a new blow in the social and economic field. Government’s policy response which takes employment security as the core has not shown its effect yet. The primary challenge for the Australian government is how to respond to the economic recession. Though the situation of Australia is relatively good now,the Coronavirus(COVID-19)pandemic may last for a long time and become the norm,which may be a new social threat. For foreign relations,Australia continued to strengthen its alliance with the United States,which was demonstrated in the “2+2” dialogue in 2020. Australia was also upgrading its strategic relations with India. China-Australia relations did not improve but even further deteriorated. This is the result of Australia’s political and strategic readjustments in addition to the global shifts. As the next Australian Federal Election will be held in 2022,2021 will be an important time period for Australia to adjust domestic politics and foreign relations.

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    作者简介
    韩锋:韩锋,中国社会科学院亚太与全球战略研究院研究员,北京外国语大学教授,中国澳大利亚学会前会长(2010~2016年),主要研究领域为亚太地区国际关系和安全关系、澳大利亚和新西兰政治与外交。
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