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    应对环境安全挑战:全球治理体系中的聚焦与失衡——以四个主要国际组织为例

    • 作者:黄以天出版日期:2021年11月
    • 报告页数:18 页报告大小:1.44MB
    • 报告字数:17528 字所属丛书: 非传统安全蓝皮书
    • 所属图书:中国非传统安全研究报告(2020~...
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    摘要

    环境安全是全球安全议程的重要组成部分。新冠肺炎疫情和诸多国家的经济衰退,对全球环境安全及其治理造成了复杂的影响。本报告于宏观层面初步分析全球性的环境安全挑战在短期和中长期的变化趋势,以及全球治理体系所采取应对措施的特点。首先,从环境问题的直接影响及间接影响两个角度,可以对全球环境安全进行概念上的探讨。其次,根据国际社会自20世纪70年代以来的实践,从治理架构、议程设置、资源投入三个维度,分析全球治理体系在整体上对各种环境安全挑战的回应。在此基础上,结合新冠肺炎疫情对全球经济形势和环境安全挑战的影响,以四个主要国际组织为例,分析全球治理体系在相关环境安全领域所采取回应措施的特点,具体表现在治理架构进一步碎片化、议程设置的短期聚焦,以及资源投入的失衡趋势。结论认为,主要国际组织聚焦于少数同新冠肺炎疫情相关的全球环境安全议题,在有助于应对当前挑战的同时,对全球环境安全——特别是对发展中国家的需求——在中长期的特点考虑不足,因而发展中国家不仅需要自身更为重视系统性地应对全球环境安全挑战,还需要通过加强《生物多样性公约》等国际环境协议与主要国际组织的互动,改进全球治理体系应对各项环境安全挑战的方 <<
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    Abstract

    Environmental security is an integral part of the global security agenda. The COVID-19 pandemic and the economic recession in many countries have resulted in complicated impacts on global environmental security ad governance. At the macro level,this article presents a preliminary attempt to analyze the short-and long-term trend of global challenges to environmental security,and the features of the measures taken by the global governance system. First,it discusses the concept of global environmental security from the perspectives of the direct and indirect influences of environmental problems. Second,referring to the practice of the international community since 1970s,it explores the general responses of the global governance system from three perspectives—governance structure,agenda setting,and resource allocation. On this basis,and considering the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on world economy and environmental security challenges,it uses four major international organizations as examples to analyze the features of the measures that the global governance system has taken. Those features include the further fragmentation of governance structure,over-concentration on short-term agendas,and unbalanced allocation of resources. Its conclusion argues that by focusing on a few global environmental security issues relevant to COVID-19,major international organizations have been contributing to address the current challenges,but without sufficiently taking into account the mid-and long-term features of global environmental security—especially the needs of developing countries. Therefore,developing countries would not only need to put more emphasis on systematically tackling global environmental security challenges,but also need to improve the way in which the global governance system addresses environmental security challenges by strengthening the interactions between international environmental agreements,e.g. the Convention on Biodiversity,and major international organizations.

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    作者简介
    黄以天:黄以天,复旦大学国际关系与公共事务学院副教授、硕士研究生导师,主要从事国际环境政策、温室气体排放权交易等研究。
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