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中国创新发展报告(2020~2021)

书 名: 中国创新发展报告(2020~2021)
英 文 名: ANNUAL REPORT ON CHINA’S INNOVATION DEVELOPMENT (2020-2021)
作 者:  陈劲 尹西明 陈钰芬
I S B N: 978-7-5201-8517-2
丛 书 名: 国家创新蓝皮书
关 键 词:  国家创新系统 创新型国家 科技成果
出版日期: 2021-06-01

中文摘要

“十三五”期间,我国创新型国家建设取得历史性突破,完成“进入创新型国家行列”的第一阶段战略目标,创新型国家建设成果丰硕,在载人航天、探月工程、深海工程、超级计算、量子信息等领域取得一批重大科技成果。尤其是在极不平凡的2020年,面对突如其来的新冠肺炎疫情、世界经济深度衰退等多重严重冲击,在以习近平同志为核心的党中央坚强领导下,全国各族人民顽强拼搏,疫情防控取得重大战略成果,在全球主要经济体中唯一实现经济正增长,脱贫攻坚战取得全面胜利,决胜全面建成小康社会取得决定性成就,交出一份人民满意、世界瞩目、可以载入史册的答卷。全年发展主要目标任务较好完成,我国改革开放和社会主义现代化建设取得新的重大进展。

“十三五”期间,尤其是2020年,中国创新发展取得的伟大进展和历史性突破,离不开创新作为引领发展的第一动力的支撑。2020年,我国大力促进科技创新,产业转型升级步伐加快,建设国际科技创新中心和综合性国家科学中心,成功组建首批国家实验室。关键核心技术攻关不断加强,科技成果转化应用加速,大中小企业融通创新有力推进,全面创新改革试验相关举措不断深化,推动产业数字化智能化改造,战略性新兴产业保持快速发展势头。科技创新领域“天问一号”“嫦娥五号”“奋斗者”号等突破性成果不断涌现。

2021年更是具有特殊重要性的一年,是中国共产党成立100周年,是“十四五”规划开局之年,是全面建设社会主义现代化国家新征程起步之年。

立足2020,展望2021和“十四五”时期,《中国创新发展报告(2020~2021)》面向“建设世界科技强国”这一伟大目标,以“迈向创新引领”为主题,从总报告、创新发展思想篇、区域篇、产业篇、企业篇五个方面,精选了15篇分析报告,对2020年以及“十三五”时期我国推动创新强国建设方面取得的突出成就、存在的问题进行了深入分析,旨在为“十四五”乃至更长时期我国推动创新发展战略转型、强化国家战略科技力量、培育世界一流企业进而加快建设世界科技强国步伐提供理论和实践参考。

基于国际比较、理论研究与案例分析相结合的综合研判,本书展望2021年和“十四五”时期,要确保“十四五”开好局起好步,加快创新引领科技强国建设步伐,必须立足新发展阶段,贯彻新发展理念,坚持2020年党的十九届五中全会提出的“坚持创新在我国现代化建设全局中的核心地位,把科技自立自强作为国家发展的战略支撑”的战略决策,和2021年政府工作报告中强调的“依靠创新推动实体经济高质量发展,培育壮大新动能”的工作目标,坚持“四个面向”,锚定2035年社会主义现代化远景目标和创新型国家建设中长期战略目标,保持创新定力,坚持创新的理论自信和道路自信,坚定不移走中国特色自主创新道路,加快从创新驱动迈向创新引领,以基于自主的整合式创新,加快数字化转型和突破关键核心技术“卡脖子”问题,努力实现高水平的科技自立自强,加快建设科技创新强国,构建新发展格局,进而全面塑造新发展优势,支撑社会主义现代化强国建设和引领中华民族伟大复兴中国梦的新征程。

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