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雾霾治理:基于政策工具的视角

书 名: 雾霾治理:基于政策工具的视角
英 文 名: HAZE GOVERNANCE:BASED ON THE PERSPECTIVE OF POLICY TOOLS
作 者: 陆道平
I S B N: 978-7-5228-0647-1
关 键 词:  环境污染 生态文明建设 环境保护 雾霾治理
出版日期: 2022-11-01

中文摘要

目前,由PM2.5主导的区域空气污染是中国最紧迫、最突出的环境问题之一,雾霾治理作为生态治理中的重要议题也受到政府、社会、学界和民众的关注。本书从政策工具视角切入这一治理问题,探究了不同政策工具对雾霾治理效果的影响。基于对雾霾治理政策工具的梳理,将其分为命令控制型环境规制(CCR)、市场激励型环境规制(MBR)和非正式型环境规制(IR)三类。并分别选用“工业污染治理投资总额占工业增加的比重”“各省排污费收入占工业增加值的比重”“各省环境信访量”作为三种政策工具的替代变量,基于实证分析量化了不同政策工具的治理效果。最后,在总结发达国家空气污染治理的做法与经验教训基础上,提出中国雾霾治理政策工具的组合与优化路径。

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CommonID:DIR_72298082,ID:14550509,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:707533,name:绪论,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:14550501,AbstractCH:近年来,中国的环境污染问题引起关注,雾霾治理作为生态治理中的重要议题受到政、社、学多方关注,成为环境科学领域亟待解决的问题。在空气污染中,PM2.5污染被认为是对人体健康最有害的大气污染物之一,被政府列为重点监控对象。因此,将注意力集中在减少PM2.5污染并提出相应的政策建议,对于协调中国经济发展与环境污染之间的矛盾具有重要意义。综上,本研究旨在对政策工具治理雾霾的效果进行分析,以期给出可行的政策建议。,AbstractEN:,KeyWords:30334,6900,90609,EKeyWords:470058,38393,119778,SubjectWords:,LiteratureId:14550508,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:N,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:Y,XmlID:b120221101X20215488001_000_001,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:admin,AddTime:2022-11-11 09:16:34.0,ModifyUser:null,ModifyTime:2023-07-01 16:18:16.0,HitCount:0,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:14550510,DownCount:14,AuthorInfos:,BookPublishDate:2022-11-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:基于政策视角的雾霾治理研究绪论,ISBN:978-7-5228-0647-1,BookTitle:雾霾治理:基于政策工具的视角,BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:,researchorg:,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:,PrizeLevel:,IsExcellence:N,ContentClass:,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:基于政策视角的雾霾治理研究绪论,_RowNo:2
CommonID:DIR_72298110,ID:14550512,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:707534,name:第一章 我国的雾霾污染与雾霾治理,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:14550501,AbstractCH:本文主要是是对雾霾污染机理的阐述与治理现状的分析,阐述雾霾的定义与测量、我国雾霾的成因及危害以及我国雾霾污染的空间聚集特征。,AbstractEN:,KeyWords:30334,30343,649995,649996,EKeyWords:470058,59378,649997,649998,SubjectWords:,LiteratureId:14550511,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:N,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:Y,XmlID:b120221101X20215488001_000_002,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:admin,AddTime:2022-11-11 09:16:34.0,ModifyUser:null,ModifyTime:2023-07-01 16:18:16.0,HitCount:5,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:14550513,DownCount:15,AuthorInfos:,BookPublishDate:2022-11-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:我国的雾霾污染与雾霾治理,ISBN:978-7-5228-0647-1,BookTitle:雾霾治理:基于政策工具的视角,BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:,researchorg:,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:,PrizeLevel:,IsExcellence:N,ContentClass:,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:我国的雾霾污染与雾霾治理,_RowNo:3
CommonID:DIR_72298169,ID:14550515,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:707535,name:第二章 雾霾治理政策工具的类型分析,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:14550501,AbstractCH:本文是对雾霾治理政策工具进行类型分析。首先介绍政策工具的相关理论基础,然后阐述政策工具分类的原则,最后梳理雾霾治理政策工具的分类,并将雾霾治理的政策工具划分为命令控制型环境规制(CCR)、市场激励型环境规制(MBR)和非正式型环境规制(IR)三类。,AbstractEN:,KeyWords:63903,30334,30343,EKeyWords:63927,470058,59378,SubjectWords:,LiteratureId:14550514,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:N,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:Y,XmlID:b120221101X20215488001_000_003,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:admin,AddTime:2022-11-11 09:16:35.0,ModifyUser:null,ModifyTime:2023-07-01 16:18:16.0,HitCount:1,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:14550516,DownCount:15,AuthorInfos:,BookPublishDate:2022-11-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:雾霾治理政策工具的类型分析,ISBN:978-7-5228-0647-1,BookTitle:雾霾治理:基于政策工具的视角,BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:,researchorg:,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:,PrizeLevel:,IsExcellence:N,ContentClass:,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:雾霾治理政策工具的类型分析,_RowNo:4
CommonID:DIR_72298179,ID:14550518,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:707536,name:第三章 环境规制对雾霾污染的影响分析,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:14550501,AbstractCH:本文就环境规制对雾霾污染的影响进行分析。本问的目的在于探讨环境规制能否降低雾霾污染。为此,在系统文献梳理的基础上,选用PM2.5作为雾霾污染水平的替代变量,选用环保支出占财政支出的比重作为环境规制的替代变量,同时控制了一系列既可能影响环境规制,又可能影响雾霾污染水平的变量。基于中国2007~2017年的省级数据,进行相应的回归分析,并通过替换被解释变量[环境污染指数、二氧化碳浓度、二氧化碳浓度]和替换核心解释变量[选用环保支出占GDP的比重为环境规制的替代变量]进行了稳健性检验。在此基础上,为了进一步考察结果的稳健性,本文通过异质性拓展分析,对全样本划分为不同的分样本,按经济地理区域回归、按南北方回归、按行政级别回归和按到沿海的距离回归,分别检验环境规制的区域异质性效果。最后,为更好地解决内生性偏差的影响,本文选择带有工具变量的两阶段最小二乘法(2SLS)进行估计,以此获得稳健的研究结果。,AbstractEN:,KeyWords:63903,30334,30343,EKeyWords:63927,470058,59378,SubjectWords:,LiteratureId:14550517,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:N,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:Y,XmlID:b120221101X20215488001_000_004,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:admin,AddTime:2022-11-11 09:16:35.0,ModifyUser:null,ModifyTime:2023-07-01 16:18:16.0,HitCount:1,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:14550519,DownCount:14,AuthorInfos:,BookPublishDate:2022-11-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:环境规制对雾霾污染的影响分析,ISBN:978-7-5228-0647-1,BookTitle:雾霾治理:基于政策工具的视角,BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:,researchorg:,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:,PrizeLevel:,IsExcellence:N,ContentClass:,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:环境规制对雾霾污染的影响分析,_RowNo:5
CommonID:DIR_72298210,ID:14550521,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:707537,name:第四章 命令控制型环境规制对雾霾污染的影响,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:14550501,AbstractCH:本文主要利用了命令控制型环境政策工具对雾霾治理的实证研究,本文选用了工业污染治理投资总额占工业增加的比重作为命令控制型环境政策工具的替代变量,基于中国2007~2017年的省级数据,进行相应的回归分析。,AbstractEN:,KeyWords:649999,30334,30343,EKeyWords:650000,470058,59378,SubjectWords:,LiteratureId:14550520,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:N,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:Y,XmlID:b120221101X20215488001_000_005,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:admin,AddTime:2022-11-11 09:16:35.0,ModifyUser:null,ModifyTime:2023-07-01 16:18:16.0,HitCount:0,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:14550522,DownCount:14,AuthorInfos:,BookPublishDate:2022-11-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:命令控制型环境规制对雾霾污染的影响,ISBN:978-7-5228-0647-1,BookTitle:雾霾治理:基于政策工具的视角,BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:,researchorg:,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:,PrizeLevel:,IsExcellence:N,ContentClass:,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:命令控制型环境规制对雾霾污染的影响,_RowNo:6
CommonID:DIR_72298233,ID:14550524,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:707538,name:第五章 市场激励型环境规制对雾霾污染的影响,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:14550501,AbstractCH:本文主要利用了市场激励型环境政策工具对雾霾治理的实证研究,本文选取各省排污费收入占工业增加值的比重作为市场激励型环境政策工具的替代变量,基于中国2007~2017年的省级数据,进行相应的回归分析。 ,AbstractEN:,KeyWords:650001,30343,30334,EKeyWords:650002,59378,470058,SubjectWords:,LiteratureId:14550523,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:N,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:Y,XmlID:b120221101X20215488001_000_006,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:admin,AddTime:2022-11-11 09:16:35.0,ModifyUser:null,ModifyTime:2023-07-01 16:18:16.0,HitCount:2,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:14550525,DownCount:14,AuthorInfos:,BookPublishDate:2022-11-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:市场激励型环境规制对雾霾污染的影响,ISBN:978-7-5228-0647-1,BookTitle:雾霾治理:基于政策工具的视角,BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:,researchorg:,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:,PrizeLevel:,IsExcellence:N,ContentClass:,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:市场激励型环境规制对雾霾污染的影响,_RowNo:7
CommonID:DIR_72298256,ID:14550527,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:707539,name:第六章 非正式型环境规制对雾霾污染的影响,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:14550501,AbstractCH:本文主要利用了非正式型环境政策工具对雾霾治理的实证研究,本文选取各省环境信访量作为衡量非正式型环境政策工具的代理变量,基于中国2007~2017年的省级数据,进行相应的回归分析。 ,AbstractEN:,KeyWords:650003,30334,30343,EKeyWords:650004,470058,59378,SubjectWords:,LiteratureId:14550526,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:N,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:Y,XmlID:b120221101X20215488001_000_007,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:admin,AddTime:2022-11-11 09:16:35.0,ModifyUser:null,ModifyTime:2023-07-01 16:18:16.0,HitCount:1,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:14550528,DownCount:14,AuthorInfos:,BookPublishDate:2022-11-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:非正式型环境规制对雾霾污染的影响,ISBN:978-7-5228-0647-1,BookTitle:雾霾治理:基于政策工具的视角,BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:,researchorg:,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:,PrizeLevel:,IsExcellence:N,ContentClass:,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:非正式型环境规制对雾霾污染的影响,_RowNo:8
CommonID:DIR_72298277,ID:14550530,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:707540,name:第七章 发达国家空气污染治理的做法与经验教训,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:14550501,AbstractCH:本文梳理美国、欧盟、日本空气污染治理的做法与经验教训。主要介绍了美国、欧盟、日本空气污染的历史与危害,美国、欧盟、日本空气污染治理的做法和美国、欧盟、日本空气污染治理的经验教训。美国、欧盟、日本空气污染治理的做法与经验教训为中国治理空气污染和雾霾污染提供了很好的范例参考。,AbstractEN:,KeyWords:30334,30343,63903,EKeyWords:470058,59378,63927,SubjectWords:,LiteratureId:14550529,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:N,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:Y,XmlID:b120221101X20215488001_000_008,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:admin,AddTime:2022-11-11 09:16:36.0,ModifyUser:null,ModifyTime:2023-07-01 16:18:16.0,HitCount:5,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:14550531,DownCount:15,AuthorInfos:,BookPublishDate:2022-11-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:发达国家空气污染治理的做法与经验教训,ISBN:978-7-5228-0647-1,BookTitle:雾霾治理:基于政策工具的视角,BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:,researchorg:,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:,PrizeLevel:,IsExcellence:N,ContentClass:,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:发达国家空气污染治理的做法与经验教训,_RowNo:9
CommonID:DIR_72298327,ID:14550533,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:707541,name:第八章 中国雾霾治理政策工具的组合与优化路径,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:14550501,AbstractCH:本文分为两方面的内容。第一方面,本文对雾霾治理政策工具组合的效用进行了分析。第二方面,本文分析雾霾治理政策工具的优化路径。本文认为,通过对环境规制影响雾霾污染的传导机制的分析,找到有效的中介变量,就找到了优化环境政策工具的重要抓手。基于上述逻辑,结合现有文献,本文将产业结构、技术进步、财政支出水平、财政分权和贸易开放作为中介变量,基于2007~2017年中国各省的PM2.5数据,分别进行了传导机制检验。,AbstractEN:,KeyWords:30334,30343,63903,EKeyWords:470058,59378,63927,SubjectWords:,LiteratureId:14550532,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:N,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:Y,XmlID:b120221101X20215488001_000_009,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:admin,AddTime:2022-11-11 09:16:36.0,ModifyUser:null,ModifyTime:2023-07-01 16:18:16.0,HitCount:2,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:14550534,DownCount:15,AuthorInfos:,BookPublishDate:2022-11-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:中国雾霾治理政策工具的组合与优化路径,ISBN:978-7-5228-0647-1,BookTitle:雾霾治理:基于政策工具的视角,BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:,researchorg:,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:,PrizeLevel:,IsExcellence:N,ContentClass:,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:中国雾霾治理政策工具的组合与优化路径,_RowNo:10
CommonID:DIR_72298352,ID:14550536,SiteID:14,Type:chapter,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:707542,name:结论,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:,EnShortTitle:,EnSubTitle:,Level:0,BookId:14550501,AbstractCH:本文在环境规制视角下,基于我国2007~2017年的相关数据,得出以下结论:第一,环境规制与雾霾污染之间存在显著的负相关关系;第二,不同的环境规制对雾霾污染的影响存在明显的异质性;第三,环境规制抑制雾霾污染有效性存在强烈的区域异质性。为此,本文认为应进一步强化环境规制水平,同时强化命令控制型环境规制、市场激励型环境规制和非正式型环境规制,进一步优化环境规制使用中其他要素的配合。,AbstractEN:,KeyWords:30334,30343,63903,EKeyWords:470058,59378,63927,SubjectWords:,LiteratureId:14550535,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:N,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:Y,XmlID:b120221101X20215488001_000_010,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:admin,AddTime:2022-11-11 09:16:36.0,ModifyUser:null,ModifyTime:2023-07-01 16:18:16.0,HitCount:0,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:14550537,DownCount:14,AuthorInfos:,BookPublishDate:2022-11-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:基于政策视角的雾霾治理研究结论,ISBN:978-7-5228-0647-1,BookTitle:雾霾治理:基于政策工具的视角,BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:,researchorg:,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:,PrizeLevel:,IsExcellence:N,ContentClass:,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:基于政策视角的雾霾治理研究结论,_RowNo:11
CommonID:DIR_72298356,ID:14550539,SiteID:14,Type:backAidText,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:707543,name:后记,ShortName:,SubName:,EnTitle:null,EnShortTitle:null,EnSubTitle:null,Level:0,BookId:14550501,AbstractCH:null,AbstractEN:null,KeyWords:null,EKeyWords:null,SubjectWords:null,LiteratureId:14550538,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:Y,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:null,XmlID:null,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:admin,AddTime:2022-11-11 09:16:36.0,ModifyUser:null,ModifyTime:2023-07-01 16:18:16.0,HitCount:0,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:0,DownCount:0,AuthorInfos:null,BookPublishDate:2022-11-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:后记,ISBN:978-7-5228-0647-1,BookTitle:雾霾治理:基于政策工具的视角,BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,researchorg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:N,SearchTitle_2:后记,_RowNo:12
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