您好,欢迎来到皮书数据库! 登录|注册
您现在所在的位置:首页 > 书籍
同系列图书
相关图书

中国住房发展报告(2014~2015)

书 名: 中国住房发展报告(2014~2015)
英 文 名: ANNUAL REPORT ON DEVELOPMENT OF HOUSING MARKET IN CHINA (2014-2015)
作 者:  高培勇倪鹏飞 邹琳华 高广春
I S B N: 978-7-5097-6857-0
丛 书 名: 住房绿皮书
关 键 词:  住宅经济 经济发展 研究报告 中国
出版日期: 2014-12-01

中文摘要

本报告从宏观背景、市场主体、市场体系、公共政策和年度主题五个方面,对中国住宅市场体系做了全面系统的分析、预测与评价,并给出了相关政策建议。本报告具体内容包括:在评述2013年第4季度~2014年第3季度住房及相关市场走势的基础上,预测了2015年住房及相关市场的发展变化;通过构建中国住房指数体系,量化评估了住房市场各关键领域的发展状况;剖析了住房市场及其相关领域协调健康发展所面临的主要问题与挑战,针对性地提出了相关政策建议。

2013~2014年分析显示:全球住房市场整体强劲反弹,但我国住房市场与全球住房市场走势背离;固定资产投资回落明显,房地产投资增速下滑拖累经济增长;市场下行促使行业加速整合,寡头格局初现雏形;国内投资增速整体下滑,海外投资规模剧增;政策性住房金融机构作用得到强化,合作性住房金融机构功能定位趋于清晰化;金融机构信贷存在从房地产领域向其他领域调整的迹象,但涉房信贷依然在多数金融机构的信贷投放结构中居首位;住房投资投机全面退潮,商品住宅首现过剩;城市间市场分化加剧,一线城市回落幅度最大;土地市场整体下行,区域差异愈加显著;宏观政策出现拐点,限购限贷相继退出;住房市场监管对“楼市”逐步放松,对“腐败”逐步缩紧;棚户区改造成“重磅”,共有产权房成为保障性住房的新亮点。

2015年预测认为:全球住房市场将受益于经济复苏而持续增长,但是发展的不平衡将加剧;境外置业的成本不断下降,发达经济体将进一步分流我国中高端住房市场需求;供给结构性过剩将成经济“新常态”,投资“潮涌”效应趋弱将抑制需求过度波动;行业集中度进一步加速提升,开发投资速度持续放缓;金融体系调降房地产融资权重的过程有望持续,但房地产信贷占比依然居投放首位;商品房价格软着陆,开发商面临大抉择;一、二线城市房价将继续下滑,三、四线城市房价将稳中有降;各级政府将密集推出救市政策,限购政策有望全面退出。

中国住房市场健康均衡发展所面临的主要问题与挑战是:房企负债水平激增,偿债能力恶化;保障性住房融资支持依然存在很大缺口,公积金运管问题已经积重难返;房地产信贷融资权重居高不下,经济结构转型极其复杂;住房相对过剩时代提前到来,改善性需求难以全面启动;商品房需求主要靠投资投机支撑,真实库存积压与住房空置状况较为严重;近年土地供应量过多过快,三四线城市土地供应严重过剩;供地量与不同能级城市不相匹配,土地市场分化进一步加剧;土地出让金监管存在缺陷,住房市场重事前审批轻事中监管;保障房价格偏高门槛高,农民工面临市场失灵和政策失灵;经济发展方式转变要求对房地产地位进行重新判断,但地方政府仍然从短期角度来看待住房问题。

报告建议:以国开行住房金融事业部建立为契机,构建保障房政策性金融支持平台;废除公积金运作“地方粮票”,建构全国性的住房公积金管理和运作平台;加速房贷证券化推进步伐,同时有效防控房地产金融风险;深化住房供给机制改革,避免重走需求剌激老路;以放开城镇居民自建房为契机,重构住房开发模式;建立新的土地出让金分配机制,抑制地方政府推高地价的强烈欲望;将土地出让金审计制度与反腐“新常态”相结合,定期审计长期坚持;发展保障房的二级市场,盘活错配闲置的保障房;适当鼓励无房户“集资建房”,降低住房保障成本。

<<
>>

文章列表

CommonID:DIR_13417637,ID:3417637,SiteID:14,Type:formerAidText,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:149109,Name:住房绿皮书编委会,ShortName:null,SubName:null,EnTitle:null,EnShortTitle:null,EnSubTitle:null,Level:0,BookId:3417633,AbstractCH:null,AbstractEN:null,KeyWords:null,EKeyWords:null,SubjectWords:null,LiteratureId:3417638,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:Y,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:null,XmlID:null,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:admin,AddTime:2014-12-26 08:47:19.0,ModifyUser:Admin,ModifyTime:2021-11-02 21:52:02.0,HitCount:0,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:0,DownCount:0,AuthorInfos:null,BookPublishDate:2014-12-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:住房绿皮书编委会,ISBN:978-7-5097-6857-0,BookTitle:中国住房发展报告(2014~2015),BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,ResearchOrg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:null,SearchTitle_2:住房绿皮书编委会,_RowNo:1
CommonID:DIR_13417639,ID:3417639,SiteID:14,Type:formerAidText,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:149110,Name:主要编撰者简介,ShortName:null,SubName:null,EnTitle:null,EnShortTitle:null,EnSubTitle:null,Level:0,BookId:3417633,AbstractCH:null,AbstractEN:null,KeyWords:null,EKeyWords:null,SubjectWords:null,LiteratureId:3417640,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:Y,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:null,XmlID:null,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:admin,AddTime:2014-12-26 08:47:19.0,ModifyUser:Admin,ModifyTime:2021-11-02 21:52:02.0,HitCount:0,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:0,DownCount:0,AuthorInfos:null,BookPublishDate:2014-12-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:主要编撰者简介,ISBN:978-7-5097-6857-0,BookTitle:中国住房发展报告(2014~2015),BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,ResearchOrg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:null,SearchTitle_2:主要编撰者简介,_RowNo:2
CommonID:DIR_13417641,ID:3417641,SiteID:14,Type:formerAidText,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:149111,Name:中国社会科学院财经战略研究院城市与房地产经济研究室简介,ShortName:null,SubName:null,EnTitle:null,EnShortTitle:null,EnSubTitle:null,Level:0,BookId:3417633,AbstractCH:null,AbstractEN:null,KeyWords:null,EKeyWords:null,SubjectWords:null,LiteratureId:3417642,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:Y,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:null,XmlID:null,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:admin,AddTime:2014-12-26 08:47:19.0,ModifyUser:Admin,ModifyTime:2021-11-02 21:52:02.0,HitCount:0,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:0,DownCount:0,AuthorInfos:null,BookPublishDate:2014-12-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:中国社会科学院财经战略研究院城市与房地产经济研究室简介,ISBN:978-7-5097-6857-0,BookTitle:中国住房发展报告(2014~2015),BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,ResearchOrg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:null,SearchTitle_2:中国社会科学院财经战略研究院城市与房地产经济研究室简介,_RowNo:3
CommonID:DIR_13417643,ID:3417643,SiteID:14,Type:formerAidText,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:149112,Name:中国社会科学院城市与竞争力研究中心简介,ShortName:null,SubName:null,EnTitle:null,EnShortTitle:null,EnSubTitle:null,Level:0,BookId:3417633,AbstractCH:null,AbstractEN:null,KeyWords:null,EKeyWords:null,SubjectWords:null,LiteratureId:3417644,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:Y,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:null,XmlID:null,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:admin,AddTime:2014-12-26 08:47:19.0,ModifyUser:Admin,ModifyTime:2021-11-02 21:52:02.0,HitCount:0,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:0,DownCount:0,AuthorInfos:null,BookPublishDate:2014-12-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:中国社会科学院城市与竞争力研究中心简介,ISBN:978-7-5097-6857-0,BookTitle:中国住房发展报告(2014~2015),BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,ResearchOrg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:null,SearchTitle_2:中国社会科学院城市与竞争力研究中心简介,_RowNo:4
CommonID:DIR_13417645,ID:3417645,SiteID:14,Type:formerAidText,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:149113,Name:摘要,ShortName:null,SubName:null,EnTitle:null,EnShortTitle:null,EnSubTitle:null,Level:0,BookId:3417633,AbstractCH:null,AbstractEN:null,KeyWords:null,EKeyWords:null,SubjectWords:null,LiteratureId:3417646,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:Y,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:null,XmlID:null,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:admin,AddTime:2014-12-26 08:47:19.0,ModifyUser:Admin,ModifyTime:2021-11-02 21:52:02.0,HitCount:0,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:0,DownCount:0,AuthorInfos:null,BookPublishDate:2014-12-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:摘要,ISBN:978-7-5097-6857-0,BookTitle:中国住房发展报告(2014~2015),BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,ResearchOrg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:null,SearchTitle_2:摘要,_RowNo:5
CommonID:DIR_13417647,ID:3417647,SiteID:14,Type:formerAidText,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:149114,Name:Abstract,ShortName:null,SubName:null,EnTitle:null,EnShortTitle:null,EnSubTitle:null,Level:0,BookId:3417633,AbstractCH:null,AbstractEN:null,KeyWords:null,EKeyWords:null,SubjectWords:null,LiteratureId:3417648,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:Y,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:null,XmlID:null,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:admin,AddTime:2014-12-26 08:47:19.0,ModifyUser:Admin,ModifyTime:2021-11-02 21:52:02.0,HitCount:0,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:0,DownCount:0,AuthorInfos:null,BookPublishDate:2014-12-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:Abstract,ISBN:978-7-5097-6857-0,BookTitle:中国住房发展报告(2014~2015),BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,ResearchOrg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:null,SearchTitle_2:Abstract,_RowNo:6
CommonID:DIR_13417649,ID:3417649,SiteID:14,Type:part,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:149115,Name:GⅠ 总报告,ShortName:null,SubName:null,EnTitle:General Report,EnShortTitle:null,EnSubTitle:null,Level:1,BookId:3417633,AbstractCH:,AbstractEN:,KeyWords:null,EKeyWords:null,SubjectWords:null,LiteratureId:3417701,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:N,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:null,XmlID:b1201311010030345_001,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:admin,AddTime:2014-12-26 08:47:19.0,ModifyUser:Admin,ModifyTime:2021-11-02 21:52:02.0,HitCount:11,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:0,DownCount:0,AuthorInfos:null,BookPublishDate:2014-12-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:总报告,ISBN:978-7-5097-6857-0,BookTitle:中国住房发展报告(2014~2015),BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,ResearchOrg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:null,SearchTitle_2:总报告,_RowNo:7
CommonID:DIR_13417702,ID:3417702,SiteID:14,Type:part,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:149116,Name:GⅡ 宏观背景,ShortName:null,SubName:null,EnTitle:Macroeconomic Background,EnShortTitle:null,EnSubTitle:null,Level:1,BookId:3417633,AbstractCH:,AbstractEN:,KeyWords:null,EKeyWords:null,SubjectWords:null,LiteratureId:3417809,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:N,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:null,XmlID:b1201311010030345_002,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:admin,AddTime:2014-12-26 08:47:19.0,ModifyUser:Admin,ModifyTime:2021-11-02 21:52:02.0,HitCount:8,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:0,DownCount:0,AuthorInfos:null,BookPublishDate:2014-12-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:宏观背景,ISBN:978-7-5097-6857-0,BookTitle:中国住房发展报告(2014~2015),BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,ResearchOrg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:null,SearchTitle_2:宏观背景,_RowNo:8
CommonID:DIR_13417810,ID:3417810,SiteID:14,Type:part,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:149117,Name:GⅢ 市场主体,ShortName:null,SubName:null,EnTitle:Participants of Chinese Housing Market,EnShortTitle:null,EnSubTitle:null,Level:1,BookId:3417633,AbstractCH:,AbstractEN:,KeyWords:null,EKeyWords:null,SubjectWords:null,LiteratureId:3418061,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:N,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:null,XmlID:b1201311010030345_003,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:admin,AddTime:2014-12-26 08:47:19.0,ModifyUser:Admin,ModifyTime:2021-11-02 21:52:02.0,HitCount:10,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:0,DownCount:0,AuthorInfos:null,BookPublishDate:2014-12-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:市场主体,ISBN:978-7-5097-6857-0,BookTitle:中国住房发展报告(2014~2015),BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,ResearchOrg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:null,SearchTitle_2:市场主体,_RowNo:9
CommonID:DIR_13418062,ID:3418062,SiteID:14,Type:part,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:149118,Name:GⅣ 市场体系,ShortName:null,SubName:null,EnTitle:Chinese Housing Market System,EnShortTitle:null,EnSubTitle:null,Level:1,BookId:3417633,AbstractCH:,AbstractEN:,KeyWords:null,EKeyWords:null,SubjectWords:null,LiteratureId:3418349,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:N,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:null,XmlID:b1201311010030345_004,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:admin,AddTime:2014-12-26 08:47:20.0,ModifyUser:Admin,ModifyTime:2021-11-02 21:52:02.0,HitCount:11,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:0,DownCount:0,AuthorInfos:null,BookPublishDate:2014-12-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:市场体系,ISBN:978-7-5097-6857-0,BookTitle:中国住房发展报告(2014~2015),BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,ResearchOrg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:null,SearchTitle_2:市场体系,_RowNo:10
CommonID:DIR_13418350,ID:3418350,SiteID:14,Type:part,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:149119,Name:GⅤ 公共政策,ShortName:null,SubName:null,EnTitle:Chinese Housing Policies,EnShortTitle:null,EnSubTitle:null,Level:1,BookId:3417633,AbstractCH:,AbstractEN:,KeyWords:null,EKeyWords:null,SubjectWords:null,LiteratureId:3418503,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:N,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:null,XmlID:b1201311010030345_005,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:admin,AddTime:2014-12-26 08:47:20.0,ModifyUser:Admin,ModifyTime:2021-11-02 21:52:02.0,HitCount:8,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:0,DownCount:0,AuthorInfos:null,BookPublishDate:2014-12-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:公共政策,ISBN:978-7-5097-6857-0,BookTitle:中国住房发展报告(2014~2015),BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,ResearchOrg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:null,SearchTitle_2:公共政策,_RowNo:11
CommonID:DIR_13418504,ID:3418504,SiteID:14,Type:backAidText,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:149120,Name:皮书数据库,ShortName:null,SubName:null,EnTitle:null,EnShortTitle:null,EnSubTitle:null,Level:0,BookId:3417633,AbstractCH:null,AbstractEN:null,KeyWords:null,EKeyWords:null,SubjectWords:null,LiteratureId:3418505,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:Y,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:null,XmlID:null,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:admin,AddTime:2014-12-26 08:47:20.0,ModifyUser:Admin,ModifyTime:2021-11-02 21:52:02.0,HitCount:0,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:0,DownCount:0,AuthorInfos:null,BookPublishDate:2014-12-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:皮书数据库,ISBN:978-7-5097-6857-0,BookTitle:中国住房发展报告(2014~2015),BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,ResearchOrg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:null,SearchTitle_2:皮书数据库,_RowNo:12
CommonID:DIR_13418507,ID:3418507,SiteID:14,Type:backAidText,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:149121,Name:社会科学文献出版社皮书系列,ShortName:null,SubName:null,EnTitle:null,EnShortTitle:null,EnSubTitle:null,Level:0,BookId:3417633,AbstractCH:null,AbstractEN:null,KeyWords:null,EKeyWords:null,SubjectWords:null,LiteratureId:3418508,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:Y,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:null,XmlID:null,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:admin,AddTime:2014-12-26 08:47:20.0,ModifyUser:Admin,ModifyTime:2021-11-02 21:52:02.0,HitCount:0,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:0,DownCount:0,AuthorInfos:null,BookPublishDate:2014-12-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:社会科学文献出版社皮书系列,ISBN:978-7-5097-6857-0,BookTitle:中国住房发展报告(2014~2015),BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,ResearchOrg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:null,SearchTitle_2:社会科学文献出版社皮书系列,_RowNo:13
CommonID:DIR_13418509,ID:3418509,SiteID:14,Type:backAidText,Code:null,ParentId:0,InnerCode:149122,Name:法律声明,ShortName:null,SubName:null,EnTitle:null,EnShortTitle:null,EnSubTitle:null,Level:0,BookId:3417633,AbstractCH:null,AbstractEN:null,KeyWords:null,EKeyWords:null,SubjectWords:null,LiteratureId:3418510,Fileref:null,OrderFlag:0,IsLeaf:Y,PubDate:null,FindDate:null,IssueDate:null,DocType:null,ProductSeries:null,Doi:null,InstanceID:0,MinNodeSearch:null,XmlID:null,Prop1:null,Prop2:null,Prop3:null,prop4:null,AddUser:admin,AddTime:2014-12-26 08:47:20.0,ModifyUser:Admin,ModifyTime:2021-11-02 21:52:02.0,HitCount:0,ShowType:putong,LogoID:0,PdfID:0,DownCount:0,AuthorInfos:null,BookPublishDate:2014-12-01 00:00:00.0,SearchTitle:法律声明,ISBN:978-7-5097-6857-0,BookTitle:中国住房发展报告(2014~2015),BookStatus:7,AllowDownload:Y,BookVersionNum:null,ResearchOrg:null,CopyRightDate:null,ExcellentPeriod:null,PrizeLevel:null,IsExcellence:null,ContentClass:null,IsDisabled:null,SearchTitle_2:法律声明,_RowNo:14