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蔡 昉
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    2018~2019年的就业形势及其对策

    摘要

    在国内外十分复杂的经济条件下,2018年上半年,我国就业总量、失业率、市场供求等均表明,就业形势总体保持稳定,并有向好趋势,创业带动就业成为重要就业增长动力,预计全面完成就业工作目标没有悬念。但是,我们依然要看到当前就业格局在区域、行业等方面进一步分化,高技术“用工荒”问题依然存在。下一步,如何积极、科学和有效应对贸易摩擦、科技创新革命、生育政策调整等潜在就业挑战,为实现更高质量和更充分就业,需要注重充分就业与高质量就业的互促共进,加大对创新创业的帮扶力度,完善劳动力市场法律体系,以及逐步形成公共就业服务体系。

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    Abstract

    Under the very complicated economic conditions at home and abroad,in the first half of 2018,China’s total employment,unemployment rate,market supply and demand all show that the employment situation remains stable and has a positive trend. Entrepreneurship-driven employment has become an important driving force for employment growth. It is expected that the goal of employment work will be completed in an all-round way. However,we still need to see that the current employment pattern is further divided in regional and industrial areas,and the problem of high-tech “labor shortage” still exists. Next,how to actively,scientifically and effectively deal with potential employment challenges such as trade frictions,scientific and technological innovation revolution,and fertility policy adjustment,in order to achieve higher quality and full employment,we need to pay attention to the mutual promotion of full employment and high quality employment,increase the support for innovation and entrepreneurship,and improve the legal body of the labor market. The department,as well as the gradual formation of the public employment service system,still needs to make arduous efforts.

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    作者简介
    杨宜勇:杨宜勇,供职于国家发展和改革委员会社会发展研究所。
    党思琪:党思琪,供职于中国人民大学社会保障研究所。
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