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谢伏瞻
    中国社会科学院院长、党组书记,学部委员,学部主席团主席,研究员,博士生导师。历任国务院发展研究中心副主任、国家统... 详情>>
蔡 昉
    1956年9月生于北京。现任中国社会科学院副院长、党组成员,曾任中国社会科学院人口与劳动经济研究所所长,博士生导师,研... 详情>>
李培林
    男,山东济南人。博士,研究员,中国社会科学院副院长,中国社会学会副会长,中国社会科学院社会学研究所副所长。《社会... 详情>>

    2019~2020年中国旅游发展分析与展望

    摘要

    2019年,全球经济增长速度或降至十年来最低,贸易保护主义抬头导致全球经济不确定性增加,并引发全球旅游增速放缓。2019年是中华人民共和国成立70周年,也是实施“十三五”规划、决胜全面建成小康社会的冲刺之年。深化改革步伐加快,一系列积极因素被充分调动,为旅游发展创造了良好环境。旅游更加深入和广泛地融入并服务于国家发展大局:旅游高质量发展成为经济高质量发展的组成部分;旅游消费提升对消费提质扩容做出重要贡献;旅游成为实施区域发展战略、实现均衡发展的重要抓手;旅游在深化改革、扩大开放中扮演重要角色;乡村振兴、精准脱贫中旅游发挥积极作用;旅游绿色化发展成为生态文明建设的重要内容;文化和旅游融合更加全面和深入;全域旅游开展了一系列创新探索。2020年是第一个百年奋斗目标的实现之年,也是“十四五”规划的制定之年。面对新时代的发展要求,应加强旅游制度体系建设,推动文化和旅游融合的进一步深化,并着力解决入境旅游、景区建设、旅游投资等制约旅游业高质量发展的老问题。

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    Abstract

    In 2019,the global economy witnessed the lowest growth rate in the recent decade,and therise of trade protectionism led to more uncertainty in the global economy and the slowdown of global tourism growth. The year 2019 marks the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China,and the home stretch of implementing the 13th Five-Year Plan and securing the decisive victory in building a well-off society in an all-round way. The accelerated steps of deeper reform and the fully mobilized positive factors have created a good environment for tourism development. In such a way,tourism has become more deeply and widely integrated with the overall development of China:The high-quality development of tourism has become an integral part of high-quality economic growth;The improvement of tourism consumption has made an important contribution to the upgrading and expansion of consumption;Tourism has become an important focus for regional development strategy and balanced development;Tourism has been an important role in the deeper reform and wider opening up;Tourism has played an active role in the revitalization of countryside and the targeted poverty alleviation;The green tourism has become an important part of the ecological civilization development;Culture and tourism has become more comprehensively and deeply integrated;A series of innovative exploration has been made for all-for-one tourism. The year 2020 marks the realization of the first 100-year goal and the formulation of the 14th Five-Year Plan. In the new era,the development requires a better tourism system,more integration of culture and tourism,and the settlementof the typical problems that restrict the high-quality development of tourism,such as inbound tourism,scenic spot construction and tourism investment.

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    作者简介
    中国社会科学院旅游研究中心:执笔人:宋瑞,中国社会科学院旅游研究中心主任、中国社会科学院财经战略研究院研究员、博士生导师,研究重点为旅游政策、旅游可持续发展、休闲基础理论与公共政策;冯珺,中国社会科学院财经战略研究院博士后、中国社会科学院旅游研究中心特约研究员,研究重点为服务经济学、旅游经济学、文化产业管理。
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